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Abstracts of International conference

Ore potential of alkaline, kimberlite

and carbonatite magmatism


Multi-formational intrusive massifs of the Southern Uzbekistan


Dalimov T.N.*, Yudalevich Z.A.**, Divaev F.K.***, Ganiev I.N.*


* National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan;

** Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; *** The State Geology Committee Republic of Uzbekistan.


The formations analysis of numerous granitoid intrusives is based on the assumption that genetic related, sequential differentiated and contrast magmatic series are common. Gabbro-diorite-granodiorite-granite and gabbro-granite sequence are such examples. In the particular orogenic belts magmatic series may be somewhat differ, e.g. gabbro-tonalite-plagiogranite, gabbro-monzodiorite-granite etc. Such magmatic series are often used as rather reliable criterions for the reconstruction of particular geodynamic situations, for example island arc, continental margin, rifting, and plate collision.

Doctrine on magmatic formations that was born in formed century has been successfully developed by such famous geologists as Usov M.A., Afanasiev G.D., Favorskaya M.A., Heraskov N.P., Kuznetsov Y.A., Fershtater G.B., Masaytis V.L. and many others. Main principals of the determination of magmatic formations and their representatives (magmatic complexes) have been widely discussed in the periodic and were finally formulated in the monograph Main type of magmatic formations (Kuznetsov, 1964). That classification was then significantly supplemented in the monograph Magmatic formations of the USSR (Masaytis et.al., 1979).

The map of magmatic formations and The map of magmatic complexes of Uzbekistan have been composed in the middle 80-th of the formed century. From that time magmatic associations of Uzbekistan are shown as magmatic complexes.

A multi-year experience of the study of magmatic rocks of the Uzbekistan showed that the best approach to the division of magmatic rocks is a geological mapping on the scale of 1:50 000 1:25 000 (and bigger) that accompanied be complex of detailed petrographical and geochemical studies. This report provides some results that were obtained owing to such investigations.

Most part of intrusive massifs of the Uzbekistan show relatively simple composition. They are mainly composed from one and rarely two intrusive complexes. Nevertheless, in the Western Tian-Shan there are massifs that have quite simple composition and rather big massifs with compound structure. The latest type massifs may be subdivided into two subtypes. Massifs of first subtype, such as Bokalinsky and Koshrabadsky, composed from the rocks of one magmatic complex but have extremely compound structure with up to 27 sequential intrusions showing sharp intrusive contact. Massifs of the second subtype, such as Gissarsky batholith, Machitlinsky and Kugitangsky intrusives, are composed from rocks of the several complexes. We divided here 57 complexes; each one has its own metallogenic specifics.

It is important to note that all intrusive complexes mentioned above have multi-phase compound structure. In each one there are between 5 10 phases of intrusions with sharp cross cut contacts. This fact is important for a row of petrological problems. One of them is a problem of space. It is important to understand how during relatively long period of the time of about 30 - 40 Ma the intrusions of magma that originated from different sources have been possible into almost the same place. Another problem is a question about the period of time that was necessary for separate intrusion of magma to solidity. If we do not consider the volume and temperature of intruded magma, the parameters of thermoconductivity of surrounding rocks, specific conditions of and possible mechanisms of loss of heat and would only consider the radiometric data on the intrusion, then crystallization time will be 1 Ma or probably less.

In the geological history of the nappe-fold system of the West Tian-Shan there are several periods (stages) of geodynamic evolution, such as continental rifting, spreading, oceanic crust formation, subduction, collision, and within plate. Thus, this is a complete Wilson cycle which characterizes the evolution of Kirgiz-Terskey, Turkistan paleoceans and Zarafshan, South-Gissar and Baysun paleobasins. Kirgiz-Terskey and Turkistan Paleoceans are related to Paleoasian Ocean whereas other paleobasins are parts of the Paleotethys basin. The analysis of the available geological and petrological data and the classification of magmatic processes according to specific geodynamic conditions can build consistent model of the formation and evolution of Tian-Shan orogen. However, such model will not be possible without consideration space-time problem and particularities of the natural magmatic associations.


Magmatic complexes of multi-formational intrusives of the Southern Uzbekistan














(rock association)


> 7500 m2

Surhantau-Bajsuntausky migmatite-granite-gneissic


1239 Ma (U-Pb)



Tanhazysky gabbro-tonalite-plagiogranite


321 (U-Pb)

Gold base metal (gold-polymetallic)


Alatagsky gabbro-diorite-granodiorite


306 Ma (K-Ar)



Machitlinsky gabbro-syenite-granosyenite


295 301 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals and iron ore


Gissarsky granite-adamellite


298 Ma (U-Pb)

Rare metals and base metals


Almalysajsky gabbro-monzonite-syenite


271 Ma (U-Pb)

Iron ore (skarn)


Obizarangsky leucogranite


230 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals (molybdenum)

Granite- leucogranite

Kshtutsky diabase plagiogranite-porphyry (dyke swarm)









150 m2

Choshsky gabbro-tonalite-plagiogranite


311 317 Ma (K-Ar)

Gold base metal (gold-polymetallic)


Zevarsky granodiorite- adamellite


276 305 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare and base metals

Tonalite - granodiorite

Machitlinsky gabbro-syenite-granosyenite


295 301 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals and iron ore



High aluminiferous granite


272 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals in Skarns (molybdenum - tungsten)


Obizarangsky leucogranite


230 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals (molybdenum)



200 m2

Bajsunsky granite-adamellite


350 Ma (K-Ar)



Zarabagsky gabbro-granite


288 311 Ma (K-Ar)

Rare metals


Shalkansky monzodiorite-adamellite


264 277 Ma (K-Ar)



Kugitangsky diabase granite-porphyry (dykes)


Rare metals


* All these intrusive massifs have been broken by potentially diamondiferous dykes and volcanic pipes of South Tian-Shan kamptonite-monchikite complex (conditionally Triassic age; 199 - 245 million years, K-Ar).




Geology and minerals of the Republic of Uzbekistan.Tashkent: "University", 1998. 724 p. (in Russian).

Dalimov T.N., Ganiev I.N., Shpotova L.V., Kadyrov M. H. Geodynamics of Tian-Shan. Volume 1 - (Magmatism and geodynamic conditions of Paleozoic). Tashkent: "University", 1993. 208 p. (in Russian).

Dalimov T.N., Ganiev I.N. Evolution and types of magmatism of Western Tian-Shan. Tashkent: "University", 2010. 228 p. (in Russian).

Tuljaganov H.T., Yudalevich Z.A., Korzhaev V.P, et al. Card of magmatic complexes of Uzbekistan. Tashkent: "Fan", 1984. 346 p. (in Russian).